by Paul Fassa
Health Impact News

The head of the Biology Department at Indiana University South Bend, Professor Thomas M. Clark, recently published in 2017 a lengthy “systematic review, meta-analysis, and narrative summary of effects of cannabis use on mortality are performed.”

The bottom line from the 53 page document titled “Cannabis use is associated with a substantial reduction in premature deaths in the United States” is:

Cannabis use prevents thousands of premature deaths each year, and Cannabis prohibition is revealed as a major cause of premature death in the U.S.

A couple more excerpts from his paper:

Cannabis use is associated with a substantial decrease in the premature death rate. Based on the results of this extensive review of the evidence, it is time to change the discussion, from determining how much harm is caused by Cannabis use, to determining how many deaths are prevented by Cannabis use. …

The results of the current analysis strongly suggest that Cannabis prohibition is a significant failure of public health policy, causing more harm than benefit. In addition to increasing the mortality rate, prohibition contributes to the largest per capita prison population in the world, interferes with pursuit of promising medical research, results in the loss of billions in potential tax revenues, empowers violent drug cartels thus destabilizing governments of neighboring countries, and causes extensive economic and electoral disenfranchisement of the most vulnerable U.S. communities.

Of course the professor’s rhetoric is backed by meticulous research and meta-analysis with graphs and numbers and disease names. This paper is what needs to get to Congressional Representatives and Senators, not a letter from an old-fashioned prohibitionist like Attorney General Jeff Sessions. All 53 pages are available here.

Will Medical Marijuana Survive the Current Administration’s Attorney General?

In May of this year, 2017, Attorney General (AG) Jeff Sessions highlighted his personal crusade against cannabis with a letter to four specific congressional leaders of both parties urging them to not allow the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment to be part of the Justice Department’s spending bill again. (Source)

The Rohrabacher-Farr amendment was easily passed by senators and representatives on both sides of the party aisle in 2014, after a few previously unsuccessful attempts, and placed as a rider in the Justice Department’s appropriations (spending) bill to disallow the DEA’s funds from being used to harass legally instituted state cannabis dispensaries and consumers.

It was considered the final barrier to the DEA’s constant harassment of legal cannabis dispensaries and consumers. The only problem is that this amendment is a rider that has to be allowed again each year as new funding bills are approved by both the House and Senate.

Sessions has been on a lifelong mission to eradicate the “evil weed” off the American landscape. Despite President Donald Trump’s campaign rhetoric implying he favored states’ rights regarding cannabis, his appointed Attorney General Sessions wants Congress to get rid of an amendment that protects those rights. (Source)

Sessions’ May 2017 letter to key congressional members included a Duke University study that claimed marijuana smokers who had started in their teens lost eight points off their IQs by their middle ages. No mention that maybe people get a little slower with IQ tests as they age, and no mention of other studies that demonstrated the opposite of the Duke study. (Source)

Another professed concern about continued cannabis proliferation is crime, according to AG Jeff Sessions. In his letter to Congress he cites an incident where a few were nabbed in Colorado by state officials for exporting cannabis goods out of state.

But the state officials were performing effectively as directed by the latest Cole Memorandum’s guidelines of 2013 from Deputy AG James Cole during the Obama administration. The Cole Memorandum was an Obama administration Justice Department memo for states that had approved cannabis for medical purposes.

The Cole Memo’s guidelines for legalized marijuana states who wish to avoid federal enforcement includes a viable state monitoring system “from seed to sale” with the following major guidelines:

  • Prevent distribution of cannabis to minors
  • Prevent cannabis revenue from funding criminal enterprises, gangs or cartels
  • Prevent cannabis from moving out of states where it is legal
  • Prevent use of state-legal cannabis sales as a cover for illegal activity
  • Prevent violence and use of firearms in growing or distributing cannabis
  • Prevent drugged driving or exacerbation of other adverse public health consequences from cannabis
  • Prevent growing cannabis on public lands
  • Prevent cannabis possession or use on federal property (Source)

More Illogical Renditions of Justice Department’s “Logic”

Sessions’ letter also touched briefly on other exaggerated dangers that the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) had posted on their website regarding potential lung disease from smoking marijuana. It’s proven that legally sold cigarettes, purchased by adults, are much worse. Just after Sessions’ May 1, 2017 letter, NIDA made several changes on its marijuana website page.

For example, NIDA switched “Is Marijuana Medicine?” to “Marijuana as Medicine” on its website’s marijuana page. In light of new evidence from the Salk Institute’s discovery that cannabis removes plaque from nerve cells in the brain, NIDA removed Alzheimer’s and dementia as health consequences of concern with marijuana. (Source)

The NIDA’s website changes also included adding a section on synthetic THC. NIDA, the FDA, and DEA are apparently all part of an effort to acknowledge only synthetic CBD and THC. This functions to support the pharmaceutical industry as a medicinal monopoly with drugs created and patented for maximum exclusive profits.

Does the ongoing attempt of the pharmaceutical industry to extract active cannabis compounds to patent synthetic medical drugs go unnoticed by Sessions and the DEA as evidence of cannabis’ medical attributes? If the extracts are beneficial, why wouldn’t the whole plant be? Or are current political efforts to restrict public access to cannabis the result of pharmaceutical lobbying?

While appearing to clamp down on marijuana, Sessions waves off the serious opioid pharmaceutical drug epidemic by claiming that “heroin is only slightly worse than marijuana.” Even the NIDA has focused more on opioid addiction and the overdose death epidemic lately.

What is being proven with both studies and real life clinical applications is that cannabis is a gateway out of opiate based drug addictions, including prescription painkillers and heroin. (Source)

More recently in September 2017, Sessions responded to a reporter who brought up the publicized U.S. Coast Guard’s recent high cocaine seizures by commenting,

I’ve never felt that we should legalize marijuana. It doesn’t strike me that the country would be better if it’s being sold on every street corner. We do know that legalization results in greater use. (Source)

Somehow Sessions equated the Coast Guard seizures of maritime cocaine and heroin offshore smuggling with marijuana running rampant within our borders for the DEA to enforce. Also, he must have missed a September 2017 study that claims relaxed state laws are not the cause of increased marijuana use from 1984 to 2015.

The study posits changing public sentiment about marijuana during that time period has been the grassroots force behind permissive state laws which are not the cause for increased marijuana use. (Study abstract)

Another threat comes from Sessions’ Deputy AG Rod Rosenstein. Unlike his predecessor Deputy AG James Cole, whose memorandum issued states’ rights guidelines, it appears Rosenstein is currently actively looking for ways to get around the Cole Memo and probably eventually wipe it out of the Justice Department archives.

Excerpt from Rosenstein’s recent talk to the Heritage Foundation:

[The Cole Memo] has been perceived in some places almost as if it creates a safe harbor, but it doesn’t. And it’s clear that it doesn’t. That is, even if, under the terms of the memo you’re not likely to be prosecuted, it doesn’t mean that what you’re doing is legal or that it’s approved by the federal government or that you are protected from prosecution in the future.”(Source)

The Justice Department enforces the laws, and the DEA is the agency that’s part of the Justice Department. Fortunately, The United States Congress makes the laws.

Congressman Destroys War on Marijuana in Four Minutes:

With all the Harmful Illegal and Legal Drugs – Why Pick on Cannabis?

Richard Nixon’s right hand man in the White House in 1972, John Erlichman, candidly disclosed in an interview a few years ago that the drug war was instituted in part to associate Nixon’s anti-war hippy-enemies with marijuana and usher in wide scale arrests of pot smokers as acceptable, during a time when Vietnam war protesters were a thorn in the side of the administration’s war efforts in SE Asia.

They lied about its [marijuana’s] dangers. This revelation was included in a section titled “The Drug War Has Caused Too Much Collateral Damage” contained in this Health Impact News article.

Jeff Sessions’ letter to Congress pleading the dissolution of the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment, with misleading talking points, in order to restore the Justice Department’s DEA pursuit of marijuana suppliers and users is part of his effort to restore a full scale drug war on marijuana. Thanks to, here’s that letter.

According to the Marijuana Policy Project, the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment may not even be in the new federal spending bills to be voted on soon. Time to take action!

A Hopeful Trend that Will Override the Objections of the Prohibitionists

Very recently (2017) a bill was introduced into the House of Representatives for 2017-2018 that would eliminate enforcement of cannabis prohibition on a federal level. It’s H.R. 1227, introduced by a Republican representative with 15 co-sponsors at a two to one ratio of Democrats to Republicans.

Only intentionally selling cannabis to other states that prohibit its use would be considered illegal and punishable. This could eliminate a lot of nonsense over a beneficial and medicinal plant. The fact that it has so many sponsors is promising for eventually passing, if not now, sooner rather than later. After all, the public overwhelming supports the medical use of marijuana, and our Representatives in Congress who need to be re-voted in every two years are obviously well aware of the sentiment towards medical marijuana among their constituents.